Why do we need teeth ?
We need teeth to chew food, to
grow up, to speak clearly, to smile,... in a word we need them to enjoy life
Do Child's baby teeth also
Primary teeth allow normal
development of face. Its guide the permanent teeth into position and hold their
space. The first
lacteal tooth surfaces between 6 and 12 months. It is a high time for parents to
begin baby's teeth cleaning. At average 3 years most primary teeth are in. Baby will
have 20 deciduous teeth. It is a primary dentition. Permanent dentition will take place
since 6 to 12 year olds.
What is dental caries ?
Dental decay is an infectious
disease. It's the third world scourge according to the World Health
Organization. Dental decay is also the most frequent affection in school children in
How can we get dental caries ?
Bacteria that live in the mouth
break down certain food into sugar and produce acids which lead to enamel
demineralization and a cavity will result.
What is baby tooth decay (
nursing caries syndrome ) ?
Excessive baby's bottle
feeding with a sweet liquid, particularly when sleeping can lead to special
dental affection called baby tooth decay or nursing syndrome. All teeth are
concerned except lower incisors.
When must we take child to the
As early as possible, and before
that child complain of pains caused by sweet or cold foods, parents must take
him to dentist. Some dentists think
that child must have their first dental check-up by the age of two and
half when they got all their deciduous teeth and before that if parents see
anything unusual in baby mouth.
How do dentist treat dental caries ?
Dentist must, when indicated,
clean the cavity with hand or rotary instruments and then fills it with dental
materials, as amalgam or glass ionomer.
How can we prevent dental caries ?
(according to AAPD)
- brush carefully teeth twice
a day (after breakfast and before sleeping)
- have balanced diet and snack
- get enough fluoride through
drinking water or when indicated through fluoride supplement.
- visit dentist regularly at least
twice a year
- have preventive filling (sealant
applied to the chewing permanent molar surfaces)
Does diet important in dental
cavity development ?
According to recent research a
relationship between diet and dental caries seems now evident. Indeed, If sweet,
candies, caramel, some kinds of chocolate and sweet beverage can foster tooth
decay, fruits, vegetables and cheese can protect against them.
However, food's texture, consumption frequency and time retaining in the
mouth are more important than consumption quantity in dental caries development.
At what age must we begin teeth brushing
Parents must begin mouth
cleaning with gauze for baby before tooth surfaces. With the first tooth a
gentle brushing with a soft bristle brush is necessary. In oral hygiene,
parents must start by being a good role model and motivate their children until
they develop tooth brushing into a habit.
What is teeth crowding (malocclusion)
Early loss or damage of
primary teeth that keep space for permanent ones can conducted to tooth crowding
and malocclusion (abnormal dental biting) in permanent dentition. Generally, a
space maintainer is needed after early deciduous teeth extraction.
What is dental fluorosis ?
While there is no doubt that
fluoride supply is beneficial in dental decay prevention, over-fluoridated water
consumption give dental fluorosis which is revealed by teeth discoloration. So
in some countries where water is enough fluoridated, dentist must advise parents
against fluoride supplement. However we are completely agree with authors who
said that caries lesion is more dangerous and more ugly than fluorosis lesion.
have any other question, please let us know .